Religions of the World.


01 Islam.
Founder: ProphetMohammad PBUH (570-632 AD) born in Mecca
Founded in: 622 AD
Followed in: West coast of Africa which includes Tanzania, Southern part of Russia and China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia and Indonesia. Also parts of Northern Africa
Sacred texts: Quran (words of God), Hadis (collection of Prophet’s sayings)
Sacred places: Makkah (Mecca) in Saudi Arabia
Place of worship:Masjid (mosque)
Important sects:Sunnis and Shias

02 Buddhism
Founder: Gautam Siddhartha Buddha (563-483 BC) born in Nepal
Founded in: 525 BC
Followed in: China, Tibet, Korea, Mongolia, Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, Japan,Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Bhutan and Vietnam.
Sacred text: The Tripitaka (Collection of Buddha’s teachings) also called Sutras
Sacred places: Lumbini (Nepal) where Buddha was born, Bodh Gaya (Bihar)
where he received Enlightenment and Kusinagara (UP) where he attained. ‘Nirvana’.
Place of worship:Vihar (temple) and Monstery (where Monks reside)
Sects: Mahayana and Hinayana

03 Confucianism
Founder: Kung Fu Tsu, better known as Confucius (551-479 BC) born in the state of Lu in China.
Founded in: 500 BC
Followed in: China, Taiwan, South Korea, Nauru and Vietnam
Sacred text: The Lun Yu, The Analects
Sacred place: Peking (Beijing) in China
Place of worship:No church or temple

04 Christianity
Founder: Jesus Christ (5 BC to 30 AD) born in Judea, also called Jesus of Nazareth.
Founded in: 2000 years ago
Followed in: Spread all over the world
Sacred text: Holy Bible consisting of the Old Testament (before Christ) and the New Testament (during and after Christ).

05 Hinduism
Founder: Not Known
Founded in: 1500 BC
Followed in: Concentrated in India and Nepal and also found in Bhutan, Fiji, Guyana, Indonesia, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, Bali.
Sacred text: The Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad-Gita and the epics of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana
Place of worship:Temple

06 Judaism
Founder: Moses, born in Egypt
Founded in: 1300 BC
Followed in: Worldwide with concentration in Israel and United States
Hal’s, found particularly in the five books of Bible, commentary on Torah known s Talmud and Midrash.
Sacred Places: Jerusalem
Place of worship:Synagogue

07 Shintoism
Founder: Began with Japanese culture and developed out of tradition
Founded in: Antiquity
Followed in: Japan
Sacred texts: No specific text
Sacred Places: Central Shrine of Ise (central Japan) and the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo.

08 Sikhism
Founder: Guru Nanak (1469-1539)
Founded in: 1500 AD
Followed in: India
Sacred texts: Guru Granth Sahed
Sacred Places: The Golden Temple of Amritsar
Place of worship: Gurdwara

09 Taoism
Founder: Lao-tse, a Chinese philosopher
Founded in: 6th century BC
Followed in: China, Taiwan, Nauru, Brunei, Singapore and Vietnam
Sacred texts: Tao-te-Ching

10 Zoroastrianism
Founder: Zoroaster, Born in Medea (modern Iran) about 660 BC
Founded in: Around 500 BC
Followed in: Iran and north-west India. The Zoroastrians who fled to India during the eight century are the ancestors of the present Parsi Community in India
Sacred texts: Zend vesta
Place of worship:Fire temple

WORLD RELIGIONS — IN FIGURES

Religion Percentage of world population
Muslims 22
Christians 32.91
Hindus 14
Sikhs 0.34
Jains 0.07
Buddhists 5.99
Jewish 0.33

Religion 5.99 Percentage of world population
Non-religious 14
Atheists 4.46
Chinese folk religionists 4
New religionists 2.44
Tribal religionists 1.75
Shintoists 0.06
Shamanists 0.21
Bahais 0.09
Confucionists 0.11
Other religions 0.2

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